Beginners



Tennis balls have been developed to make it easier for beginner and recreational children and adult players learn the game, and thus enhance their enjoyment of tennis. This has been achieved by the manufacture of tennis balls which are designed to play 'slower' and which therefore allow greater opportunity for players to rally.

Three such groups of balls have been introduced: Stage 3 (red), Stage 2 (orange) and Stage 1 (green).

There are 2 sub-categories of Stage 3 (red) ball:

1. Standard construction

2. Cut or moulded foam

Red, Orange and Green Tennis Balls

The following video explains the characteristics of each ball and compares them to the 'standard' type 2 tennis ball (courtesy of Tennis Australia).

Please install Flash Player

 


From 2012 the ITF Rules of Tennis state that competition for players aged 10-and-under must be played with slower Red, Orange and Green balls on the appropriately sized courts. The traditional Yellow ball will not be permitted. The extract from the ITF Rules of Tennis can be found by clicking here, and will provide more details regarding the Rule Change for 10-and-under competition.


All balls submitted for approval must conform to the specifications described in the table below.

For more information about the different types of ball and starting tennis please visit the ITF's "Play and Stay" site.


Specifications for stage 3,2 & 1 balls


SPECIFICATIONS STAGE 3 (RED)STAGE 3 (RED)STAGE 2 (ORANGE)STAGE 1 (GREEN)
FOAMSTANDARDSTANDARDSTANDARD
MASS (WEIGHT) 25.0-43.0
grams
36.0-49.0
grams
36.0-46.9
grams
47.0-51.5
grams
(0.882-1.517 ounces) (1.270-1.728
ounces)
(1.270-1.654
ounces)
(1.658-1.817
ounces)
SIZE 8.00-9.00cm 7.00-8.00cm 6.00-6.86cm 6.30-6.86cm
(3.15-3.54 inches) (2.76-3.15
inches)
(2.36-2.70
inches)
(2.48-2.70
inches)
REBOUND 85-105cm 90-105cm 105-120cm 120-135cm
(33-41 inches) (35-41 inches) (41-47 inches) (47-53 inches)
FORWARD DEFORMATION - - 1.40-1.65cm 0.80-1.05cm
(0.551-0.650 inches) (0.315-0.413
inches)

Notes:
There is no specification for return deformation.
There is no limit on the difference between individual forward deformation readings.
These specifications are subject to review and may be changed at any time.
All tests for size, mass, rebound height and forward deformation should be carried out in accordance with the official procedures described in Appendix I of the Rules of Tennis.



FIND OUT MORE...

Follow the links below to find out more about the development of balls over time, the manufacturing process, and tennis balls for players just starting out:

Manufacture

History

Beginners: Red, Orange and Green Balls

Rules