1 September - 8 September 2014
Queens, New York, USA
Outdoor hard (DecoTurf)
Arthur Ashe Stadium - 22,547 capacity
Louis Armstrong Stadium - 10,200 capacity
The first US National Singles Championships took place in 1881 for men only. Richard Sears won the first seven titles. In 1887, the women’s championships were introduced and at the turn of the Open Era in 1968, all five men’s and women’s singles and doubles events merged to become the US Open.
The US Open was the last Grand Slam event to hold any kind of junior draw, the first of which occurred in 1973 with a boys' singles event taking place before a girls' event was staged for the first time at the following years Open. Alongside the other Grand Slams, junior doubles was introduced in 1982.
The tournament has been held at nine different venues during its history. It was first staged at the Newport Casino in Rhode Island and the women’s at the Philadelphia Cricket Club. In 1915 it moved to Forest Hills, New York, which remained its permanent base until 1978 when Flushing Meadows became its present-day home.
Arthur Ashe stadium, named after the African-American tennis player who won the inaugural US Open in 1968, is the largest tennis arena in the world, seating 23,500. The stadium is the focal point of the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Centre in Flushing Meadows, which was renamed after the former player at an official night-time ceremony in 2006.
The US Open has been played on three different surfaces in its time: grass (1881-1974), clay (1975-1977) and hard court (1978 to present). DecoTurf is the surface used since 1978 and is known to produce a lower bounce compared to other hard courts. In 2005, all US Open and US Open Series tennis courts were unified in blue with a green outer court.
Andy Roddick won the boys' singles title in 2000 before going on to also win the men's event. Andy Murray also won the boys' title in 2004 and has gone on to be the first British player to be ranked at world number 2. Alongside Roddick's success on the men's side the USA have two notable winners of the girls' singles event with Jennifer Capriati and Lindsay Davenport winning the title in 1989 and 1992 respectively.